Coffee is Personal. Make it the Way you Like it Best!
However, learning some fundamentals of coffee brewing will help you get the perfect taste, texture and aroma every single time. The key to getting the perfectly brewed coffee is to practice and experiment with different preparation methods, different roasts and different techniques.
Brewing Coffee – What It Does to Your Coffee?
Hot water washes the soluble solid into the brew and out of the coffee grinds. It acts as a solvent for your coffee beans. The brew methods that make use of paper filters, leave only soluble solids in your cup of coffee. On the other hand, insoluble solids enter the brew in some brewing methods. Have you ever experienced your Turkish, espresso or French Press coffee tasting gritty at the end? You might have also seen some residue particles lying at the bottom of your cup. While these particles do add some body to the cup, they may also add a bitter taste to your coffee.
Factors Affecting Your Brew Quality
Here are the top factors that affects the taste and texture of your coffee as your brew it.
The coffee to water ratio is very important when it comes to getting the perfectly brewed coffee. As a rule, the brew is going to have the best flavor when 20% of the soluble solids are extracted from the ground coffee. Your coffee will start tasting bitter if you do too much extraction. Under extraction, on the other hand, leads to a sour, weak and thin cup. Use a measuring spoon to get coffee and water if you are beginning and add more if needed.
More area is exposed to water for brewing when you use a finer grind. On the other hand, using a coarser grind is advised when you are using a brewing method having a longer dwell time, such as in French Press.
The best temperature of water for brewing coffee is 195-205 Fahrenheit. Water works as a great solvent when it is near its boiling temperature and thus, you should make use of this information when brewing your coffee.
The contact time should not exceed 5 minutes in case of a drip system. The contact time should be 2-4 minutes in case you are using a French Press. In case of espresso, the contact time should not exceed 20-30 seconds.
Avoid letting the coffee sit in a French Press or a hot plate. Transfer it to a thermal carafe as soon as it is done brewing. This will keep the coffee from over-extraction, preventing it from getting bitter.