Brewing Tips

Mastering the Art of Coffee Brewing Tips from a Specialty Coffee Roaster

At Custom Roasts by Alex, we believe that brewing the perfect cup of coffee is an art form. Whether you’re a seasoned barista or a home brewing enthusiast, there are always new techniques to explore and tips to improve your coffee experience. Here, we share our top coffee brewing tips to help you make the most of your specialty coffee beans.

1. Start with Fresh, High-Quality Beans

The foundation of a great cup of coffee is high-quality beans. Always choose freshly roasted beans from a reputable specialty coffee roaster. Freshness is key to capturing the best flavors and aromas, so look for a roast date on the packaging and try to use the beans within a few weeks of that date. At Custom Roasts by Alex, we roast our beans to order, ensuring you receive the freshest coffee possible.

2. Store Your Coffee Properly

Proper storage of your coffee beans is crucial to maintaining their freshness and flavor. Keep your beans in an airtight container, away from light, heat, and moisture. A cool, dark pantry is an ideal storage location. Avoid storing coffee in the refrigerator or freezer, as this can introduce moisture and negatively affect the flavor.

3. Use the Right Grind Size

The grind size of your coffee beans plays a significant role in the brewing process. Different brewing methods require different grind sizes to achieve optimal extraction. Here’s a quick guide:

  • French Press: Coarse grind
  • Pour-Over: Medium to medium-coarse grind
  • Drip Coffee Maker: Medium grind
  • Espresso: Fine grind
  • AeroPress: Fine to medium grind

Invest in a quality burr grinder to ensure consistent grind size. Blade grinders can produce uneven grinds, leading to inconsistent extraction and flavor.

4. Measure Your Coffee and Water

Consistency is key to brewing a great cup of coffee. Use a digital kitchen scale to measure your coffee and water accurately. The ideal coffee-to-water ratio can vary depending on the brewing method, but a general guideline is:

  • Pour-Over: 1:16 ratio (1 gram of coffee for every 16 grams of water)
  • French Press: 1:15 ratio
  • Espresso: 1:2 ratio

Adjust the ratio to suit your taste preferences, but starting with these guidelines will help you achieve a balanced brew.

5. Use Clean, Filtered Water

Since coffee is mostly water, the quality of the water you use can significantly impact the taste of your coffee. Use clean, filtered water to avoid any off-flavors caused by impurities or chemicals in tap water. Aim for water with a balanced mineral content, as too much or too little can affect extraction and flavor.

6. Control Your Water Temperature

The temperature of your water is crucial for proper extraction. For most brewing methods, aim for a water temperature between 195°F and 205°F (90°C to 96°C). Water that’s too hot can over-extract the coffee, leading to bitterness, while water that’s too cool can under-extract, resulting in a weak and sour brew. If you don’t have a thermometer, let your water come to a boil and then cool for about 30 seconds before brewing.

7. Pre-Wet Your Filter and Warm Your Equipment

For pour-over and drip coffee makers, pre-wetting your filter helps remove any paper taste and ensures even saturation of the coffee grounds. Additionally, warming your equipment (such as your French press, pour-over cone, or coffee pot) helps maintain the brewing temperature, leading to better extraction and a more consistent brew.

8. Bloom Your Coffee

The blooming stage is an important step in the brewing process. It involves pouring a small amount of hot water over the coffee grounds and letting it sit for about 30 seconds. This allows the coffee to release trapped gases, leading to better extraction and a more flavorful cup. You’ll notice the coffee grounds swell and bubble during blooming, which is a good sign of fresh coffee.

9. Experiment with Brewing Methods

Don’t be afraid to experiment with different brewing methods to find what you enjoy most. Each method has its unique characteristics and can bring out different flavors in your coffee. Some popular methods include:

  • Pour-Over: Offers control over the brewing process and can highlight complex flavors.
  • French Press: Provides a rich, full-bodied cup with more oils and sediment.
  • AeroPress: Versatile and can produce a clean, strong brew.
  • Espresso Machine: Delivers a concentrated shot with a bold flavor.

10. Keep Your Equipment Clean

Regularly cleaning your coffee equipment is essential for maintaining the quality of your brew. Coffee oils and residue can build up over time, affecting the taste of your coffee. Clean your equipment after each use with warm, soapy water and rinse thoroughly. For coffee makers and espresso machines, follow the manufacturer’s cleaning instructions to ensure optimal performance.


Brewing the perfect cup of coffee is a combination of art and science. By following these tips from Custom Roasts by Alex, you can enhance your coffee brewing skills and enjoy a consistently great cup of coffee. Remember, the journey to coffee perfection is all about experimenting and finding what works best for you. So, grab your favorite beans, try out these tips, and savor the delicious results. Happy brewing!

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